Bala Mursal: This variety of pomegranate is widely spread in Shirvan region. The height of tree is medium, branches are suspended, and thorns are few. The fruit is large, reaches up to 400-500 grams. The peel of fruit is thick, color is bright and dark magenta. The partition membrane in the fruit are thick. The grains are large, red, sequenced, and the taste is sweet-sour.
Azerbaijani Guloysha: This sort is planted-cultivated in the Shirvan, Garabagh and Ganja zones. The crown of the tree is obese, its branches are tight and vertical. The peel of fruit is thin, the grains are large, the seeds are small and thin. Taste is sweet and fruity.
Valas: This variety is widely spread in the Absheron peninsula, Goychay and Agsu regions. The color is dark red bright, while the peel is thick. The taste is sour-sweet. Juice is dark magenta. When it is stored in a refrigerator, the peel doesn’t dry out and shrinks.
Red peel: This variety is widely spread in Ganja-Gazakh economic regions. The shape is at round with an average mass of 200-250 g, color is bright, red, and the peel is thin. It’s harvested the second half or the end of October.
Mahsati: It is planted and cultivated in the Absheron peninsula and Goychay region. Round or at-shaped, bright, dark magenta, and thickness of peel is medium. Juice is dark magenta. It’s harvested the first half of September.
Shah nar: The regions of distribution of the variety are mainly Agdam and Goychay regions. Round or at round, with a small robust shaped, average weight of 330-350 g, main color is yellow, while coating color is from pale red to dark red. The peel is medium thick or thick, very dense, bright, spots under peel are pale.
The total area of pomegranate orchard is around 24,000 hectares in Azerbaijan. Among the economic regions producing pomegranates, Chehrayi Gulovsha, Bala Mursal, Azerbaijani Guloysha, Nazik Qabiq, Valas, Iri gila and other varieties are cultivated in the Ganja-Gazakh and Aran economic regions. The best pomegranate varieties are 800-1000 grams and the average weight is 200-400 grams. The productivity of pomegranate varieties is not the same. Varieties of pomegranates as Mahsati, Bala Mursal and Chehrayi qabiq have the highest productivity. Their productivity by varieties reaches 100-160 centners.